Types of Lithium Batteries used in the Indian Market

India, like the other countries, is shifting to an electric vehicle era (EVs)The world's largest carmaker, General Motors, has announced that it would stop selling gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2035Audi, a German firm, plans to discontinue producing them by 2033 as well
Moreover, Norway is already on the point of reaching 100% EV by April 2022

Governments all across the world have devised roadmaps to help electric vehicle adoptionIndia plans to have 30% of its roadways covered by electric vehicles by 2030To stimulate the use of electric vehicles and reduce pollution and crude oil imports, the FAME 2 (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Phase II) scheme has given an allocated INR 10K Cr

As things begin to normalize after COVID-19, entrepreneurs and automakers are ramping up their efforts to meet the goalHowever, in the case of faster electric vehicles, more lithium-ion batteries are consumed
A single electric vehicle (EV) comprises about 10 kg of lithium, and the lithium-ion battery accounts for more than 40% of an EV's cost in India

In this blog, we are going to explore the types of lithium batteries used in the Indian market
When we look at the market, we can observe that the major share of the market is shared by three categories: e-bikes, slow/fast 2-W EVs, and 3-W EVsWe don't have many 4-W EV alternatives in India, thus we'll leave them out of this discussion

When it comes to batteries, it's important to know that there are two types of lithium-ion cells in the marketThe first is NMC, (NMC stands for Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt oxide) followed by LFP (LFP stands for Lithium Iron Phosphate)

Then again we have two more categories for both of the cells based on the structure, which is cylindrical and prismatic

Difference between cylindrical and prismatic cells

Cylindrical cells, in a nutshell, are cylindrical and take up more spaceBecause of their cheaper cost, they are the most often employed cell typeThese are commonly found in laptop batteries and even electric vehicles

Prismatic cells, on the other hand, are thin and light in constructionSteel or aluminum casing can be used, which makes them more stableRegrettably, this means that they are more expensive to produceThese are frequently found in smaller batteries, such as those found in phones and tablets

Let's talk about the advantages and disadvantages of both
Cylindrical cells can give a more consistent automation process and procedures, as well as the ability to withstand high internal pressures without deformingThey can be made much more quickly and at a lower cost than prismatic cellsThey can also maintain a more consistent temperature than prismatic cellsTheir biggest disadvantage is that they take up more room

Prismatic cells, on the other hand, are smaller and lighterThey are used to save spaceThis makes connecting four cells to produce a 12V battery pack simpleWhile they are more expensive, their thinner layers and rectangular shape provide the product designer additional optionsThey aren't without their drawbacks, thoughThe entire battery pack will be affected if one prismatic cell fails

Lithium-ion batteries for E-Cycle:

In E-cycle, NMC cylindrical batteries are usedA lithium-ion battery of 36V and 52Ah is used in electric bicycles

Lithium-ion batteries for 2-W bikes and scooters:

In the case of 2-W bikes and scooters, we have 2 options that are fast speed and slow speedFor example, if we see the ATUM 10 whose max speed is 25k/h, it comes under the slow speed 2-W EVThe lithium-ion battery which is used in this is 48V / 26Ah

But when we see the electric scooter of ola which has a speed of 115k/h, it's a fast 2-W EVThe battery power of ola S1 is 298 kWh so the battery configuration can be 72V / 42Ah or 60V / 50AhWe are just assuming it because they haven't disclosed the data about their battery

We also have an average speed of 2-W EVs (60-70)k/h they use 3 variants of lithium-ion batteriesThat is 60V / 24Ah, 48V / 24Ah, and 48V / 26Ah

Lithium-ion batteries for 3-W EVs:

In the case of 3-W EVs which are e-rikshaws, the LFP cells are used

There are 3 variants on batteries in the 3-W EV segment


  • 512V / 80Ah
  • 512V / 100Ah
  • 512V / 120Ah
  • 512V / 200Ah
  • 60V / 80Ah
  • 60V / 100Ah
  • 60V / 120Ah
  • 60V / 200Ah
  • 72V / 80Ah
  • 72V / 100Ah
  • 72V / 120Ah
  • 72V / 200Ah

At Scion Energy, we manufacture customized batteries as per the requirements of the clientsWe have a manufacturing capacity of 200 MW/year which is based in Pune

We are working with clients from pan India

Apart from the EV segment, we are also working closely with telecom industries, energy storage sector in micro and utility grid, solar lights, and medical sector

SCION ENERGY STORAGE is the link between current power consumption limits and the transformation of how we power our environment in the futureThis change will necessitate the use of energy storage technologyWe feel that LITHIUM POWERED BATTERIES are the answer to this requirement for a leap into the future at this time